AC Joint Sprains
The acromioclavicular joint is where the collar bone attaches to the edge of the shoulder (acromion). The causes of this joint separation is either a fall onto an out stretched hand or direct contact to the tip of the shoulder. It happens frequently in rugby and falls when skiing. The trauma causes injury to the AC ligament.
The signs and symptoms are:
- Pain on the tip of the shoulder
- Restricted shoulder movement
- Shoulder stiffness
- Difficulty lying on the shoulder
The aim of physiotherapy is to promote healing, may use laser or ultrasound to do this, may also use mobilisations and soft tissue techniques to reduce tension in the area.