Ankle sprain is very commonly seen in physiotherapy. Typically it follows an injury when the ankle rolls inwards and the ligaments on the outside of the ankle are injured. The ligaments on the outside can be injured when the ankle rolls the other way, ie outwards.
Signs and symptoms:
- Swelling with visible bruising on the outside (or inside) of the ankle
- Pain on any weight bearing, walking on the ankle
- Tenderness over the ligament
- Stiffness, especially into rotation of the ankle
Occasionally there can be a fracture in the ankle as well as sprain of the ligaments. X-rays are needed to rule out fracture following injury
Physiotherapy will help in the initial stages by immobilising the ankle to ensure early rehabilitation. Treatment will consist of manual therapy, exercises and specific sports related rehabilitation to hasten return to optimal activity.