The calf muscle usually gets overstretched or pulled during sporting activities. It can be classified as a grade I, II or III depending on the severity.
- Grade I: a sensation of cramping or tightness when the muscle is stretched or contracted.
- Grade II: causes more immediate and severe pain, the calf is sore to touch and may be bruised or swollen.
- Grade III: pain is present on all movements; there may be a bulge or palpable gap in the soft tissue.
The immediate treatment includes POLICE, Protect, optimal loading, ice, compression and elevation. Depending on the severity of the tear it can take up to 6 weeks to several months to recover.